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Chief Minister’s Script - COVID-19 Press Conference - 80/2021

January 22, 2021

Good afternoon.

Welcome to another information press conference from No6 Convent Place.

Today is another sad day.

Since I last addressed you on Monday, there have been 14 more confirmed deaths from COVID-19.

Of these, 7 were residents of Elderly Residential Services.

Today, we suspect another death in the Community which is being investigated by the Coroner as likely also being from COVID-19.

This disease is undoubtedly taking a tragic toll in our Community.

For that reason we must ensure that we supress the curve of new infections as quickly and as effectively as possible.

Today, the total number of persons still infected with COVID-19 at Elderly Residential Services, is presently 92.

We have enjoyed 31 full recoveries at ERS.

Happily, the vast majority of those infected at ERS have recovered or will recover.

That is not to say however, that we will not yet see more deaths in those facilities.

In the last 24hours, we have seen one additional admission to the Critical Care Unit at St Bernard’s Hospital.

There have been 3 admissions to Victoria Ward and 1 admission to John Ward.

The overall picture presents us with 11 patients in the CCU, of whom 9 are ventilated.

The age ranges in CCU go from people in their 70s to a person in their 50s.

Today, there are 26 patients in Victoria Ward, of whom 21 are stable or improving.

There are an additional 15 patients in total in John Ward of which all are stable.

The age ranges in these Wards are from the early 90s to the mid 30s.

That is important for people to note.

There are all ages in our hospital, not just elderly people.

Please do realise that.

We are all at risk.

Please do not forget that.

More generally in Gibraltar, we yesterday carried out a total of 1,250 tests for COVID-19.

Of those, 24 showed positive for the virus. Of which 18 are resident in Gibraltar

An additional 64 persons have now recovered from the virus.

The R rate is now in the region of 0.6 to 0.7.

The number of active cases in Gibraltar is now down to 605.

That is is frankly excellent progress.

We should not expect to see zero new infections before we start to unlock.

With an R below 1, we are moving in exactly the right direction.

But we need R to be below 0.5 for two cases of COVID to lead to 1, that is to say, to see a consistent reduction.

Unfortunately, it is not yet clear that we are seeing those results with the consistency necessary to be able to confidently lift our lockdown.

Indeed, we must be careful not to unlock prematurely and give rise to a bigger spike in the future.

In that respect, this morning I chaired meetings of both COVID PLATINUM and of the CABINET to analyse this information.

I considered these issues yesterday also with the Leader of the Opposition.

The recommendation of PLATINUM COMMAND is that we should continue in exactly the same posture of lockdown for a further week.

That recommendation has this morning been accepted by the CABINET.

As a result, Gibraltar will remain in LOCKDOWN for a further seven days.

That means that every person in Gibraltar is under a STAY AT HOME ORDER.

You may leave your home only for work or essential purposes, including exercise.


As I indicated in Parliament last Friday, we do not believe that we are able to release the lockdown this week.

We do believe however, that we WILL be able to start to release the lockdown next week.

I think we owe it to all of you to not just review the current posture constantly, as we must in order to demonstrate our respect for your fundamental rights.

We also owe it to you, to try to give you a view of what the direction of travel is, subject of course, to the data that comes in.

And so, if we continue to see the downward trend that we are seeing up to now, then, we do expect to lift the lockdown next SUNDAY 31st JANUARY.

As a result, we will permit non-essential shops to open from MONDAY 1st FEBRUARY, but with restrictions to ensure safety of staff and patrons.

We will also permit the opening of hairdressers from that date, with the same restrictions we have had to date on staff wearing masks, patrons wearing masks whilst in waiting areas etc.

Gyms, subject to permits being granted for safe operation, should also be able to open then on a restricted basis.

We will, however, nonetheless, maintain a curfew from 10pm to 6am.

That decision will also be reviewed every 7 days.

I also need to be clear in setting out our thinking on catering establishments.

Platinum Command and the Cabinet agree it will not be advisable to permit the opening of catering establishments on the 1st of February. 

We will continue to review that decision also every 7 days.

But our view at the moment is that catering establishments will likely not be permitted to re-open until the 1st March.

Additionally, we expect that we will reopen schools from the 1st of February.

John Cortes has been working closely with the Department of Education and our teachers’ union in this respect.

Our teachers for St Martin’s School have had the chance to have their vaccinations already today.

All our teachers will have had appointments offered for the next 48 hours. 

Our inoculation programme for teachers will have delivered a first dose by the end of this weekend.

I want to thank the committee of the Teachers’ Union for their diligence and support in respect of these arrangements.

Our school buildings will be ready to reopen by the 1st February.

I can give parents the comfort that we are now planning firmly to open on that date, subject only to a major increase in the infection rate, which we do not now expect.

I know that the parents of pupils of St Martin’s and its nursery, Early Birds, are particularly in need of the return of formal education.

We have tried as hard as possible to return St Martin’s and Early Birds as soon as possible, and I want to thank the parents for their engagement with Minister Cortes to try and work through the issues relevant to them.

If the schools were not to open on 1st February, we are already prepared to make alternative arrangements for the children of St Martin’s and Early Birds.

On vaccinations generally, I am very pleased to be able to tell you that we have resumed inoculations on receipt of the new batch from the United Kingdom.

Once again, we cannot thank enough the FCDO, the Convent, the Department of Health and Social Care and the UK’s Strategic Command, the MOD / RAF and the Royal Gibraltar Regiment enough for their help in delivering the vaccine to Gibraltar.

The RGP is acting as escort to the vials for the GHA’s incredible work in getting the vaccine into our people.

I thank all involved in this magnificently organised inoculation exercise.

Our size really does run in our favour in this respect. 

So, for the next seven days, we must continue in the same posture as we have since the beginning of this year.

I know we are all seeing how the pandemic is developing around the world.

We can see that Governments around the world are having to take similar measures.

And here, as we continue these restrictions, we do so not to dominate, but to deliver against our first obligation to our people.

To ensure the preservation of life above all else.

And to do so in a manner that respects our sacred obligation to protect also the liberty of each of us in keeping with our constitutional rights.

We will curtail those rights only and for as long as is necessary to deliver the primary aim of preservation of life.

Since I addressed you on Monday, we have received more expressions of condolences from around the world.  

Very specifically, we have received condolences from the Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands and from the Isle of Man, which I have gratefully acknowledged on behalf of our people.

You have heard me say before, and I repeat, how proud I am of our GHA and ERS staff and of all our frontliners in law enforcement and every other frontline body in Gibraltar. 

I want to just also say that I am very proud of those Gibraltarians outside of Gibraltar who are providing care health services in the NHS in the United Kingdom, in Australia, in Canada, in the Gulf and elsewhere.

Those are just the ones I know about.

Wherever you are in the world, we from Gibraltar are proud to see you beyond our shores involved in the provision of care in face of this pandemic.

Finally, I know that repeatedly appearing before you to talk about death is not uplifting.

But the fact that we have suffered another 14, probably 15 deaths since my statement on Monday to COVID-19 cannot be something we avoid.

In Gibraltar, no one is a statistic.

Every life is precious to us all.

Our last casualty from COVID-19 will be as important to us as our first.

We are working to get beyond this, but we are not yet beyond this.

We will be.

Of that, I have no doubt.




Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:00:00] I'll now take questions from some journalists assembled in Convent Place and those who will be joining us by video link.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:00:07] Good afternoon, Chief Minister. Christine Vasquez, GBC. You say you expect the lockdown to be lifted on the 31st of January and you mentioned the R rate and the R rate having to be below 0.5, is this going to be the main consideration?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:00:22] It will be the main consideration, but it will not be the only consideration. I've also given you an indication of how our vaccination programme is progressing. We will see many more of the at risk cohort have had their vaccines by then, their first doses. And in fact, the data on the numbers in the over 70s, over 65s, over 80s, who have had the inoculation already and will have had it by the end of next week is very high. Our front liners are now almost entirely covered. I've given you an indication now also of our teachers being covered. So R is an indication, but it is not the only ingredient that we need to ensure is in the right place. You know, R is just telling us how the infection is passing. The vaccination rate is also telling us how many people are starting to take the protection of the inoculation. So all of those things together are the ingredients that we will see, together with what other measures we can add which are not lockdown, which will nonetheless provide protection. And that's why we're making the very difficult decision, likely not to reopen our catering establishments and continue to engage with and support the Gibraltar Catering Association and its members throughout the period of February so that even though we don't have a lockdown in place and we've reopened non-essential shops and we've reopened schools, we haven't reopened the places where people will tend to congregate, especially in cold weather months, which is the places where we go for our coffees, for our meals, etc. And so we will extend that protection, we'll layer over that a curfew, and then we'll make the assessment - and I'm just giving you what we think will be the decision - and then we'll make an assessment to very likely lift our lockdown in terms of having the ability to leave home during the day, maintain the curfew, and with all those other ingredients, be able to provide people a little more freedom, which is what we want to do as soon as we're able to.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:02:26] Chief Minister, I'm no doctor, but I thought that the first dose of the vaccine you needed two weeks for immunisation to kick in. So the teachers will be going back to school before they've had this protection.

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:02:39] Indeed. And the teachers, as you know, went back to school without any inoculation the last time we lifted our lockdown and we went back to school. As soon as you have your inoculation, you start to build that that immunity, which is never 100 percent, it reaches 95 percent approximately fourteen days after your second dose. But you start to build an immunity against the disease the minute that you've had your inoculation. So the data that we're looking at on the first of February is approximately seven to eight days after the first injection has been taken by the teachers, in some instances maybe nine days, that's why we've inoculated our St Martin's staff earlier. And with the curve of infections coming down and you've seen that of 1250 tests today, we've got a number of 24. We hope to be suppressing the curve so that there is no real risk in going back to school on the 1st of February. But again, I'm not telling you that we're going to open schools on the 1st of February. I'm telling you that we expect to open schools on the 1st of February. We are preparing now very firmly for that date. But if we find that the predictions we're making this week about what will happen next week are not correct, we may have to re-evaluate that. Again, continuing to talk with the teachers' union and the Department of Education to ensure that we get this right and always telling parents to be ready in case we have to make other arrangements.

The Chronicle, Brian Reyes [00:04:17] Chief Minister, I'm conscious that there's still question marks over the next two weeks, but I'm going to ask you if I can to look even further forward and just to give us a sense of what your government expects beyond February, beyond March. The vaccine is being rolled out, it's not a silver bullet. Do you expect that through the year we will see peaks and troughs in infections, lockdowns, another round of vaccination at the end of the year? What can we expect, in your planning?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:04:52] So you're asking me to do a little bit of crystal ball gazing and I should resist, but I think you're asking me to do so in good faith. And I think people deserve that I should give them an indication of what we think at the moment, without being held to this, because the science that we are dealing with has changed as the strains that we're dealing with has changed both, in terms of infectivity and now potentially even resistance to the inoculations that we are providing. And we're seeing that developing, whether there are strains identified in South Africa or elsewhere, which might be a little more resistant or not to inoculations. But assuming that what you have are strains that are more virulent but not more resistant to the inoculation, because we have a small population, we expect that we will be able to have covered all of the most at risk categories quite soon. And for them to have the 42 days post first dose, now it's full 21 plus 21 with two doses in their bodies, before the end of February, in respect of those categories. Not because we are better than anyone else at doing this, let's be very clear. Just because we've got a very small, very easily corralled cohort. In the United Kingdom, for example, they are talking about having inoculation centres no further than 10 miles from anybody who needs an inoculation. Well here, of course, as we know, everything is within a mile and a bit of each of us. So we hope, therefore, to be able to cover those most at risk. We hope to have covered a lot of the rest of the population. You know, don't ask me now what the numbers of vaccines that we will have had in our citizens bodies by the end of March will be. But I guess given our size of population, it will be a generous share of the population. And that will include those who come in to work with us and amongst us. So it's not just the resident population, it's also the population of those who come to care for us, who come to work alongside us, et cetera. In that situation, you are better able to restore normality because you expect that at least although the immunity is not 100 percent and it never will be with an inoculation. The people who will be in the strata that might likely still get the disease would be not that many, that would put the huge pressure that we presently have on our GHA. Remember that this is principally about preserving our ability to provide care in the GHA when somebody turns up with the infection. And so the level of inoculation and the level of protection that that inoculation gives, given what we're dealing with now, suggests that we may be able to put ourselves in a posture where our front liners and our health services can deal with the numbers that we expect would be manifesting as getting the disease because the disease will continue around us despite the inoculation. Now, we still don't know. Remember that we're dealing with a coronavirus, a coronavirus is from the family of the colds and flu that we have circulating. We still don't know whether this inoculation process for COVID-19 is going to have to be an annual one. We don't know what it is that we are getting in terms of the period of immunity, et cetera. Those things are still impossible to even in the crystal ball gazing, take an educated guess at. And I'm not a medical or scientific man, and therefore my guesses would be less than educational. And I don't want to go into that. So let me just tell you that I can share with you my thinking and my government's thinking to Easter, probably to the summer, expecting that to be the behaviour of what we see, the virus manifesting as and people's inoculations, providing us with the freedom to do. But I cannot genuinely give you a view of what happens later in the year. Although I'm hoping against hope. And as I said, perhaps in one of my first press conferences when we started dealing with this in 2020, if you believe pray, if you don't hope. Let us pray and hope that we don't have to go through this again in the autumn, because coronavirus comes back as COVID-21 and we need to then again experience this whole awful period.

The Chronicle, Brian Reyes [00:09:27] Thank you. And if I may, on a slightly different subject, yesterday your government published the latest details on COVID spending, which now stands as of the end of December, £167 million, when your initial forecast was £150 million to the end of March this year. If I'm correct. So can you just explain a little bit about where that overspend is coming from. Overspend or whether it's just the the impact on the economy, what that extra 17 million pounds is and what your forecast is now for what the total will be at the end of the financial year?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:10:12] I don't think that our forecast was £150 million to the end of the financial year. I think our focus was £150 million to the end of the financial year when we had set it as September. You'll recall that we initially extended the financial year from March to September and that then we extended the financial year by an extra six months so that we have a 24 month financial year this year, exceptionally. Because of the opposition and the government agreed that it was easier to do an exercise where you were dealing with two years as one, because in making the assessments, you would simply multiply by two. Except for the issues of COVID expenditure in health where you wouldn't multiply by two, you would add additional spending. So we believed we would be at about 150 million of spending by the end of September. I recall in parliament, when we have the debate to further extend, I indicated that we had come in at about that right level. Look, just looking at the amount that we spent on BEAT, we spent about 20 and a half million pounds on BEAT. We didn't know that we were going to have to go back to BEAT because we're going to have to go back to lockdown. And what we've had is the ability to finance and fund BEAT if we needed to, which is what we have been able to do. And we would be able to continue funding BEAT if we absolutely had to. And look, I think that it was right in the context of ensuring the economic and the public finance stability of our nation that we did BEAT and that we did the COVID-19 fund. And as we go forward, this is what put us on a strong footing to be able to crystallise all of the COVID spending when it is over in one fund, so that we weren't borrowing to repay recurrent expenditure. We were borrowing, or we will be borrowing to repay the cost of COVID as a capital crystalised cost when the pandemic is over. So everybody in the community will be able to see what that sum is, will be able to see every single penny of what it has been spent on. That's what the Gazette shows you already. We published, as you say, the Gazette yesterday, there'll be even more detail in the estimates book when we publish it after the end of March in keeping with the constitutional obligation, which this year we will be able to comply with, as we've agreed in the parliament, with the opposition. And in our budget debate, we will be able to see all of that detail. Under the most minute examination.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:12:38] Chief Minister, sorry, on the same subject of BEAT, there seems to be a sector that has been falling between two stools and that's the hotel employees. They are not entitled to BEAT because they're still open, but they say that they're taking home under 200 pounds a week. What's going to happen to that sector will be looking at that?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:12:59] The government has demonstrated that it has approached the protection of businesses and of employees in the most generous way imaginable. I think for a small community of 30,000 people to have done the support that we've done to businesses and employees is really a demonstration of the fact that anywhere else, 30,000 people organised like we are would be considered a village. And here we have been able to bring into play the attributes of major economies on the scale of Gibraltar. Right. We're not going to allow anyone to find themselves in a difficult position. Neither are we going to negotiate these issues over the open microphones of the media. And I'm very surprised, I must tell you, frankly, very disappointed that those who know that having dealt with us for the past year, almost, we've been approached, we've looked at things, we've worked with them and we've resolved them. Instead of approaching us in that way, as they have in the past, have decided that they're going to approach us through the airwaves. I don't think it was necessary to proceed in that way. Neither would prejudice the way that we analyse this thing now that it has come to us through the airwaves, because it has come to me, allegedly a letter written to me, which I have read about in the press, rather than reading the letter, which is frankly disappointing, surprising, and not in keeping with the way that we've been working so effectively with all of the sectors through CELAC and through all of those who have represented the hotel industry in the direct contact that we've had with them. Gibraltar has not let anyone down, resident of Gibraltar or not resident of Gibraltar. We've looked after everyone in the measure that we have been able to look after everyone and we will continue to demonstrate that that is the approach that we take.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:14:51] Sports facilities, you mentioned gyms, sports facilities. When do you expect them to start?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:14:57] I'm not able to give you an answer about that because that requires a consideration during the course of next week of how our GSLA will be able to open up. I'm talking specifically to those who are businesses that have been closed by the government at this stage to give them an indication of the preparations that they might want to start doing for the 1st of February, subject to permits and subject to the data being as we need it to be. Those things which are the government's responsibility, its own facilities we're looking at during the course of next week. If we're able to open them by the first of February, we will. If it is not advisable that we should, then we won't.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:15:36] There have been some criticism in some quarters in Spain that we haven't done enough, that the airport carried on operating. Do we take into account the measures being taken in by Spain and in the U.K. when you take the decisions?

[00:15:49] Of course we do, because we have to understand that we are one epidemiological zone with Spain and we are sharing epidemiology with the United Kingdom because of flights. And that is not a serious criticism, in my view. It's not something that has been said that the serious level, it's been said at the level of some who I think should know better. And frankly, I don't think I should enter into commenting other than to say that I found it salutary that the Spanish foreign minister, who might in times past have used this opportunity to pile the pressure on Gibraltar, as some of her predecessors have, is not the attitude that Ms. Gonzalez Laya has taken. And she has been very clear in saying that there are a number of strains of greater infectivity all over Spain from different areas of provenance when she has been pressed to use this moment to try and condemn Gibraltar. And I think we should welcome the fact that those that are more sensitive and more understanding of these issues have put to that proper position, rather than using this just as a road with which to additionally whip Gibraltar. Right, so please bear with us as we try and and take questions now by video link from those who are not at No.6. So Giordano from YGTV.

YGTV, Giordano Durante [00:17:11] Hi, good afternoon Cheif Minister. You've said that the lockdown is likely to be lifted at the end of January. Will there be any restrictions on movements into and out of Gibraltar by the land fronteir, espercially February, as you know, see the school mid-term break.

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:17:24] Thank you. So you'll recall Giordano, as I said, during the course of my last intervention, I think in the parliament that we did not rule out the possibility of territorial restrictions even after lockdown had been lifted. Would you not rule that out? I think if you look at the epidemiology in the region around us, there are going to be municipal limits to movement. And indeed, it may be that there are limits that we impose on those who can come in or out of Gibraltar in keeping with the purposes for which we might consider that lockdown might be lifted.

YGTV, Giordano Durante [00:18:04] And my other question today was regarding the elderly and vulnerable being vaccinated. Once they receive their second dose and allow some time for some immunity to develop, what health advice should they follow? For example, can they start looking after their grandchildren again? And more generally, will the second dose of the vaccine allow people to enjoy any exemptions, something like not having to selfisolate if in contact with a positive case?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:18:30] So, my parents were disappointed that I decided not to become a doctor. As I didn't, I shouldn't now fall into the trap of giving advice in particular to those in a vulnerable cohort, those who do have the second dose and with the period of time required passing, should take the advice of their doctors, or seek the advice of the GHA. That will be set out. I'm not qualified to give that advice now. Once I am given the advice myself of what the effect is on that group of the population, we will be able to make decisions if necessary at a at a government level in respect of what they are or are not permitted or advised to do. But at this stage, I think I should defer to those who are able to better give advice in respect of the value and benefit of inoculations for those in those age groups.

YGTV, Giordano Durante [00:19:25] And as for whether it exempts them from having to self isolate if they're in contact with a positive case.

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:19:30] So genuinely I can conjecture an answer to that question from what I've read in a newspaper. But I don't think I should because what I've read in the newspaper may not be correct and I may therefore be disseminating information, which is not correct. I think we should take the advice of those who are qualified to give that advice. And once that period has passed, we're not anywhere near yet that period, some people will be having their second inoculation from the batches that will be arriving in Gibraltar. So we are far from that. We will be able to make that advice available to them when they take the inoculation and indeed will be disseminating that advice more generally to the community at that time. But I must resist telling you what I think based on what I've read. So, the Olive Press.

Olive Press, John Culatto [00:20:23] Chief Minister, can you give an indication of what proportion of the population do you expect to be vaccinated with the first dose by February the 1st?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:20:34] Thank you. So if you look at the data that we publish, you can see every day the numbers of inoculations that we have given. And you can see also that we are preparing to give the data broken down into the first dose and the second dose. There are five days hence. You've seen the numbers of doses that we have received yesterday, on Wednesday, rather, on the R.A.F. A400 that landed. So if you add those to those inoculations that were already given, you get a figure close to, I think, 10 or 11000. Those will be the first doses. And then you calculate that as a percentage of the population and you get the number that you're looking for. I'm going to not do that exercise for you for a simple reason. I don't want anyone to take anything that I say to suggest that we are somehow trying to boast or play out how we are progressing through our population as a percentage compared to others. This is a race against time, against the virus. It is not a race against anybody else. And we mustn't fall into the trap of looking at ourselves on any table and think that that is in any way any comfort, because remember that our population is very small and therefore it is much easier to inoculate a percentage of the population here than it is elsewhere. It should not be seen in any way as any at any particular victory or any particular endorsement of Gibraltar.

Olive Press, John Culatto [00:22:12] And secondly, you call these days the 'darkest days of our history'. What have been the main challenges of tackling this latest stage of the pandemic crisis? And how have you overcome them?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:22:26] Well, I mean, I must tell you, I don't think we have overcome them. The most difficult part of what has happened is that this is a much more virulent virus now than it was when we were dealing with it in the spring. We have not been able to stop it getting into our elderly institutional care facilities at ERS. We have not been able to stop it from taking the lives of precious members of our community. And therefore, this is the darkest of times because we have been really in a situation of almost entire powerlessness. I mean, when you see when you see coronavirus become as infectious as it has, and it has the consequences which are deadly that it has in the percentage of the population that it has it once they've got it, especially over a particular age, you know, this is impossible to stop. It's stopping the tide come in. And that is what has been so difficult. And it's a reminder of the limits of political power, of medical science and of human ability, even at this stage of our development as a race.

Olive Press, John Culatto [00:23:43] Can I just add, how has that been for you personally as a Chief Minister and for your Cabinet in terms of dealing with this sort of emotional stress of, you know, looking after the lives of the elderly who are and vulnerable in Gibraltar?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:24:01] Well, it's been absolutely soul destroying, but this is not about us.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:24:07] Chief Minister, I know that you've answered this. Are you confident that everybody who has had the first dose will be able to have the second dose in time?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:24:17] I am confident, you know, that I've said before that we were pursuing a one dose strategy if we had to. We now have the numbers from the Department of Health and Social Care in the United Kingdom that we needed to have committed to Gibraltar, in order to be able to do the two dose strategy in respect of those who matter the most, the four most at risk categories. And so we can confidently say that we're able to pursue a two dose strategy in respect of that cohort. We expect that we will be able to pursue a two dose strategy in respect of the whole of the population. And that is what we want to pursue. We are not in a position of having to consider a one dose strategy because we have now seen the numbers actually allotted to us enable us to do the two dose strategy in the period suggested.

GBC, Christine Vasquez [00:25:06] So everybody who has had it already is getting the second dose?

Chief Minister, Fabian Picardo [00:25:10] Everybody who's had it already is getting the second dose for sure. And we expect that everyone that will have it from now will also be able to have a second dose for sure, and that in the future, those who have it outside of those cohorts, just in the age groups, will also be able to have it with a second dose to follow in the period suggested. 21 days, yes. OK, ladies and gentlemen, thank you very much indeed for joining us once again at No6 Covent Place, no doubt I will have to address you again as we review the seven days that we've set out as the period through which we will continue to look at the restrictions on your liberties, which will continue in place now for seven days more at least. I very much look forward to these press conferences coming to an end, as they did in the early summer. And I very much look forward to never again having to appear before you to talk about the deaths of fellow Gibraltarians. But for now, hands - face - space, as they say. Remember to wash your hands, remember to cover your face. Remember to keep your social distance from others. That is what you can do as your contribution to protecting the lives of our fellow Gibraltarians. Take the inoculation when it is offered to you and let us all together beat coronavirus COVID-19. Thank you very much for listening.