Green public procurement is defined by the EU as a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life-cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function than would otherwise be procured.
Government is committed to reducing its carbon footprint and green procurement is a key part of this process. Consumer demand for products and services help to drive the economy by generating wealth and employment opportunities but simultaneously it must be recognised that the creation and delivery of these products and services take their toll on the natural environment. These negative impacts include climate change, water and air pollution, habitat and species destruction. It is therefore vital that all organisations, both within the public and private sector, start moving towards more green and sustainable purchasing practices.
Green procurement is a win-win tool which enables the public sector to obtain the best value for money and procure low-carbon, environmentally friendly goods and services while presenting a business opportunity to suppliers and helping to expand the market for green products and services.